Types and comparison of induction motor starters

As the name indicates, starters are used to start or stop a motor. It consists of an electromechanical switch and protection devices (overload and/or short-circuit protection).

Why should we need a starter?

An induction motor draws 5-10 times its rated current during start. In order to reduce the starting current, we need a starter. If we don’t use a starter, inrush currents may heat up the motor winding and the life of motor may reduce.

Comparison of three phase induction motor starters

Method Starting current Starting Torque Pros Cons

Direct-on-Line (DOL)
5-10 times the full load current 5-10 times the full load torque Economical and Higher starting torque. High in-rush current

Star-Delta Starter
2-3 times the full load current 2-3 times the full load torque Inrush current can be reduced to one-third when compared to DOL. Starting torque will reduce

Auto-transformer
2-3 times the full load current 2-3 times the full load torque Inrush current can be reduced to one-third when compared to DOL. Starting torque will reduce

Soft starter
3-5 times the full load current 1.5-2.5 times the full load torque Inrush current can be reduced. Starting torque can be controlled. Starting torque will be less

Variable Speed drive
1.1-1.5 times full load current 1.5-2.5 times the full load torque Speed and torque control, communication and Energy saving. Higher cost

This Post Has One Comment

  1. nexa electrical supplies

    thanks for providing useful information

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