Transformer current calculator

This transformer current calculator simplifies the process of determining the current requirements for your specific transformer application. Transformers are integral components in power distribution systems, facilitating the efficient transfer of electrical energy across different voltage levels. Properly sizing transformers is crucial for ensuring optimal performance and preventing issues such as overheating and voltage instability. Transformer … Read more

Transformer sizing calculator

Welcome to our Transformer Sizing Calculator! This tool is designed to help you determine the appropriate size of transformers in kVA based on your specific requirements. Transformers play a crucial role in electrical power systems, converting voltage levels for efficient power distribution. Proper sizing ensures optimal performance, reliability, and safety. Here is a simple transformer … Read more

Transformer Tap changers: Off-Load and On-Load tap changers

Tap changers are voltage regulation equipment used to adjust the voltage ratio in transformers by adding or removing tapping turns. Voltage adjustments can be made by using either on-load tap changers or off-load tap changers. Taps can be made either on the primary or the secondary of the transformers. It is important to maintain the … Read more

Difference between 2-wire, 3-wire, and 4-wire signal transmitter connections

4–20mA sensor transmitters are very common in industries to measure physical parameters such as pressure, temperature, flow, etc. Based on how they are connected to the process control and automation systems, they are classified into 2-wire, 3-wire, and 4-wire signal transmitters. This article will help you understand the underlying concepts and the difference between 2-wire, … Read more

Sinking and Sourcing Concepts and their differences

Sourcing and sinking are the core terms of PLC wiring and can greatly affect the reliability and functionality of your control system. In this article, we will explore these fundamental concepts and ensure the success in design and installation of a PLC system. What is sinking and sourcing? Sinking and sourcing refer to two distinct … Read more

Electrical terms and their definitions

Below are the 500 most common Electrical Terms and their definitions. Many find these terms might sound confusing to you. Hope this electrical glossary helps you understand those. Electrical terms list AC (Alternating Current) Electric current that periodically reverses direction, commonly used in power transmission. AC Coupling A method of coupling two circuits together through … Read more

The Concepts of a 4-20mA current Loop

4-20mA Current loops are widely used to transmit process variable data such as temperature, pressure, flow rate, level, consistency, speed, etc between the process controllers and the field devices. Transmitters convert these process signals to 4-20mA DC for the purpose of transmitting the signal. This signal can be transmitted to a long distance with little … Read more

Ground potential rise

Ground Potential Rise (GPR) refers to the increase in electrical potential between the ground and a point of reference when a fault occurs on a power system. It is caused by lightning or high voltage ground faults. Under these conditions the potential of the soil surrounding the point of ground fault increases to dangerous levels. … Read more

Differences between GTO and SCR

Gate turn-off thyristors (GTO) and Silicon controlled rectifiers (SCR) are semiconductor switching devices used in converters, rectifiers, charging circuits, etc. in order to control the current flow. This article illustrates the key differences between GTO and SCR. What is an SCR? An SCR is a unidirectional semiconductor device that can be triggered into conduction by … Read more

Factors influencing requirements for a good grounding system

Grounding systems are required not only to ensure the safety of the personnel and the safe operation of equipment but also to protect the system from lightning and ensure accurate measurement of electrical parameters. Here are a few factors that influence the requirements for a good grounding system. The following are the major factors influencing … Read more