Potential transformers | Voltage transformers (PT)

Potential transformers (PT) or voltage transformers are instrument transformers used for voltage measurements. They are connected in parallel to the line and operates under the same principle of power transformers.…

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Transformer losses – Load losses and No-load losses

Some amount of power is lost during the voltage transformation process in a transformer. The current flows in a transformer winding and the alternating magnetic field in the core contributes to the majority of transformer losses.

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Difference between PLC and DCS

In the world of industrial automation, Programmable logic controllers (PLC) and Distributed Control Systems (DCS) are used to control or automate a process or a machine. They monitor the field…

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What is induced current?

Electromagnetic induction occurs whenever there is a relative motion between a magnetic field and a coil. The electromagnetic force acts on the charged particles inside the coil, forcing them in…

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Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction is a phenomenon by which electromotive force is produced across a conductor placed in a varying magnetic field. It was discovered by Michael Faraday in 1831 after performing…

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Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction

Michael Faraday discovered the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction in 1831 which was a major breakthrough and led to the invention of electric motor and generator. Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction…

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Lenz’s law

Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz was a Russian physicist, working at the University of St. Petersburg, Russia. He formulated Lenz's law in 1834. This law predicts the direction of the current…

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