MCB (Miniature circuit breaker) is a device designed to protect a circuit from short circuits and overcurrents. Trip curves of MCB’s (B, C, D, K and Z curves) tell us about the trip current rating of Miniature Circuit breakers. Trip current rating is the minimum at which the MCB will trip instantaneously. It is required that the trip current must persist for 0.1s.
In large oil immersed transformers, we can find a cylindrical object installed in the pipe connecting the conservator to the main tank. This cylindrical object, that looks like a solenoid valve is called Buchholz relay. It is a type of oil activated relays. It can be found in all oil immersed transformers rated higher than 500kva. (more…)
PLC – Programmable Logic Controller
Programmable logic controllers are electronic devices used to control a process. It consists of CPU; Input and output devices, power supply, communication and redundancy units. PLCs are preprogrammed based on their application and put into operation. A PLC accepts inputs from the field, process the input based on the programming done and outputs the commands to the field equipment. It can also accept commands from the plant operators through SCADA and give commands to the field equipment. The features of PLCs vary from one manufacturer to the other but the basic architecture remains the same. (more…)
Stalling is a condition at which a motor stops rotating even when there is sufficient voltage at it’s terminals. This condition occurs when the torque required by the load is more than the maximum torque (Breakdown torque) that can be generated by the motor. At this condition, the motor drains the maximum current and the speed comes zero.
Horsepower and kilowatt are two different units of measuring power. Watts is the SI unit of power. It is a well-defined and normally used unit.This is a simple tool to…