Which is the most efficient electrical machine?

The most efficient electrical machine is the transformer. Transformers have efficiency above 95%. The autotransformer has an efficiency of close to 98%. The maximum efficiency is achieved under the fully…

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Operation of generators

The generator is a device which converts the mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Construction

Generator In order to understand the operation of a simple generator, consider rectangular coil ABCD placed in a magnetic field as shown in the figure. The two ends of the coil are connected to the two copper half rings (or split rings) R1 and R2 called commutator. There are two carbon brushes B1 and B2 which press lightly against the two half rings.

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